New papers: Weakly asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds, constraint equations, etc.

Two new papers, joint with James Isenberg, John M. Lee, and Iva Stavrov Allen have been posted to the arXiv.

Weakly asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds.

Abstract:

We introduce a class of “weakly asymptotically hyperbolic” geometries whose sectional curvatures tend to -1 and are C^0, but are not necessarily C^1 conformally compact. We subsequently investigate the rate at which curvature invariants decay at infinity, identifying a conformally invariant tensor which serves as an obstruction to “higher order decay” of the Riemann curvature operator. Finally, we establish Fredholm results for geometric elliptic operators, extending the work of Rafe Mazzeo and John M. Lee to this setting. As an application, we show that any weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric is conformally related to a weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric of constant negative curvature.

The shear-free condition and constant-mean-curvature hyperboloidal initial data.

Abstract:

We consider the Einstein-Maxwell-fluid constraint equations, and make use of the conformal method to construct and parametrize constant-mean-curvature hyperboloidal initial data sets that satisfy the shear-free condition. This condition is known to be necessary in order that a spacetime development admit a regular conformal boundary at future null infinity. We work with initial data sets in a variety of regularity classes, primarily considering those data sets whose geometries are weakly asymptotically hyperbolic, as defined in [arXiv:1506.03399]. These metrics are C^{1,1} conformally compact, but not necessarily C^2 conformally compact. In order to ensure that the data sets we construct are indeed shear-free, we make use of the conformally covariant traceless Hessian introduced in [arXiv:1506.03399]. We furthermore construct a class of initial data sets with weakly asymptotically hyerbolic metrics that may be only C^{0,1} conformally compact; these data sets are insufficiently regular to make sense of the shear-free condition.

A third paper, joint with Iva Stavrov Allen, has also been posted.

Smoothly compactifiable shear-free hyperboloidal data is dense in the physical topology.

We show that any polyhomogeneous asymptotically hyperbolic constant-mean-curvature solution to the vacuum Einstein constraint equations can be approximated, arbitrarily closely in Hölder norms determined by the physical metric, by shear-free smoothly conformally compact vacuum initial data.

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